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Type of WBLE Definition
Career Exploration Career Exploration involves visits by youth to workplaces to learn about jobs and the skills required to perform them. Visits and meetings with employers and people in identified occupations outside of the workplace are also types of career exploration activities from which youth can learn about jobs and careers." (Luecking, 2009, p.l3)
Job Shadowing "Job Shadowing is extended time, often a full workday or several workdays, spent by a youth in a workplace accompanying an employee in the performance of his or her daily duties." (Luecking, 2009, pg.l3)
Job Sampling / Work Sampling "Work Sampling is work by a youth that does not materially benefit the employer but allows the youth to spend meaningful time in a work environment to learn aspects of potential job task and "soft skills" required in the workplace." (Luecking, 2009,p. l3)
Service Learning "Service Learning is hands-on volunteer service to the community that integrates with course objectives. It is astructured process that provides time for reflection on the service experience and demonstration of the skills and knowledge required." (Luecking, 2009, p. l3)
Internships  "Internships are formal agreements whereby a youth is assigned specific tasks in a workplace over a predetermined period of time. Internships may be paid or unpaid, depending on the nature of the agreement with the company and the nature of the tasks." (Luecking, 2009, p.l3)
Apprenticeships  "Apprenticeships are formal, sanctioned work experiences of extended duration in which an apprentice learns specific occupational skills related to a standardized trade, such as carpentry, plumbing, or drafting. Many apprenticeships also include paid work components." (Luecking, 2009, p.l3)
Paid Employment  "Paid Employment may include existing standard jobs in acompany or customized work assignments that are negotiated with an employer, but these jobs always feature a wage paid directly to the youth. Such work may be scheduled during or after the school day. It may be integral to a course of study or simply a separate adjunctive experience." (Luecking, 2009,p.l3)
Mentoring "Mentoring is a person who through support, counsel, friendship, reinforcement and constructive example helps another person, usually a young person, to reach his or her work and life goals. Mentoring relationships provide valuable support to young people, especially those with disabilities, by offering not only academic and career guidance, but also effective role models for leadership, interpersonal and problem-solving skills."(Office of Disability Employment Policy, 20 12)

The purpose of the Youth to Work Coalition is to provide resources (toolkits, guides, how-to-materials) that link employers and schools to create work-based learning experiences (WBLE) for students with disabilities.

There are eight types of WBLE with resources for different audiences. Below is a table that defines each of the eight areas of WBLE. Click on the side column for your audience, then click the specific WBLE you are interested in learning more about. Once you click on the desired audience, there are various links to the options of:

  • How would WBLE help you? (tailored to each specific audience)
  • Types of WBLE listed with definitions.

Each WBLE document will link you to a separate page which will address the following questions:

  • How do you do this WBLE?
  • What are some examples of how it is being done?
  • What evidence supports this practice?
  • Additional Resources
  • References